Nuuk (Godthaab or Godthab) is the capital of Greenland. It is located around the mouth of Nuup Kangerlua Island on the west coast of Greenland, about 240 km south of the Arctic Circle. Some interesting facts about Nuuk 1. Greenlanders living in Nuuk enjoy a polar climate with cool summers, cold and snowy winters and an average annual temperature of -1.4°C. 2. The number of inhabitants in 2014 was 16900 people. 3. The city has an airport connected to many cities in Greenland. Greenland air planes fly from here. 4.